A New Robust Markerless Method for Automatic Image-to-Patient Registration in Image-Guided…
A New Robust Markerless Method for Automatic Image-to-Patient Registration in Image-Guided Neurosurgery System
Authors: Liu, Yinlong; Song, Zhijian; Wang, Manning
Computer Assisted Surgery (2017)
BACKGROUND: Compared with the traditional point-based registration in the image-guided neurosurgery system, surfacebased registration is preferable because it does not use fiducial markers before image scanning and does not require image acquisition dedicated for navigation purposes. However, most existing surfacebased registration methods must include a manual step for coarse registration, which increases the registration time and elicits some inconvenience and uncertainty.
METHODS: A new automatic surfacebased registration method is proposed, which applies 3D surface feature description and matching algorithm to obtain point correspondences for coarse registration and uses the iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm in the last step to obtain an image-to-patient registration.
RESULTS: Both phantom and clinical data were used to execute automatic registrations and target registration error (TRE) calculated to verify the practicality and robustness of the proposed method. In phantom experiments, the registration accuracy was stable across different downsampling resolutions (18-26 mm) and different support radii (2-6 mm). In clinical experiments, the mean TREs of two patients by registering full head surfaces were 1.30 mm and 1.85 mm.
CONCLUSION: This study introduced a new robust automatic surface-based registration method based on 3D feature matching. The method achieved sufficient registration accuracy with different real-world surface regions in phantom and clinical experiments.